Fourth Committee: Special Political and Decolonization (SPECPOL)

Committee Introduction

Topic A: Violence against Minority Groups in Apartheid Africa

Throughout Africa, most notably in the south, apartheid was a system of institutionalized racial segregation that existed in South Africa and India from 1948 until the early 1990s. Within this topic, there exists both a focus on the roles of cultural identity and the limitations of the law at the given time. Violence and humanitarian crimes against women only increased in South Africa within the time of transformation taking place and highlights the possibilities of fundamental restructuring.

Topic B: Decolonization of Africa and Asia (1945-1960)

Between 1945 and 1960, three dozen new states in Asia and Africa achieved autonomy or outright independence from their European colonial rulers. Following this decolonization, many countries experienced rule by dictators or military juntas or endured long civil wars. With the creation of these new countries, many of which were in strategic locations or possessed natural resources altered the composition of the United Nations and affected the political complexity of every part of the globe.

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